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(02/4/11) The Global Child

2003.06.18
■ Who Is The Global Child? (Updated April 2002) There are 2.1 billion children in the world, accounting for 36% of the world’s population. Some 132 million children are born each year. Globally, 1 in 4 children lives in abject poverty ? in families with income lower than $1 a day. In developing countries, 1 in 3 children live in abject poverty. One of every 12 children dies before they reach five, mostly from preventable causes. ■ Of every 100 children born in 2000: · 53 were born in Asia (19 in India, 15 in China) · 19 were born in sub-Saharan Africa · 9 were born in Latin America and the Caribbean · 7 were born in the Middle East and North Africa · 5 were born in the Eastern Europe, CIS and Baltic States · 7 were born in the industrialized nations of Western Europe, USA, Canada, Israel, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. If social conditions remain unchanged, the following will most likely be their fate: ■ Birth registration The births of 40 out of every 100 will not be registered. These children will have no official existence or recognition of nationality. ■Immunization 26 of every 100 will not be immunized against any disease. ■ Nutrition 30 will suffer from malnutrition in their first five years of life. Only 46 will be exclusively breastfed for the first three months of life. ■ Water and Sanitation 19 will have no access to clean drinking water. 40 will live without adequate sanitation. ■ Schooling 17 of the children will never go to school. Of these, 9 will be girls. Of every 100 who do begin school, 25 will not reach the fifth grade. ■ Child labour 1 of every 5 children between the ages of 5 and 14 in the developing world will work. Half of those who work will do so full time. 9 of the 24 children born in Africa will work. 11 of the 53 children born in Asia will work. 1 of the 8 born in Latin America will work. ■ Life expectancy These children will live to an average of 63 years. In the industrialized world, they will live 78 years. In the 45 countries most affected by HIV/AIDS, their average life expectancy is 58 years. In Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe ? countries heavily affected by HIV/AIDS - life expectancy is less than 43 years. March 2002. Sources: ILO Child Labour Statistics; UNICEF, The State of the World’s Children, 2002; UN Population Division.
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