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(02/4/25) AFRICA MALARIA DAY

2003.06.18
■ AFRICA MALARIA DAY 2002 ; FACTS AND FIGURES · Malaria kills over one million people each year, about 3,000 a day : the majority of victims are children under five years of age. · Malaria kills a child every 40 seconds. · Over 700,000 children under five will die needlessly from malaria this year. · At least 300 million people suffer from acute malaria each year. · Nine out of 10 cases occur in Africa South of the Sahara. · Malaria is continuing to spread in Africa. · The cheapest anti-malaria drug ? chloroquine ? is rapidly losing its effectiveness in almost all endemic countries. · Population movements, such as seasonal workers and refugees into malaria-endemic regions and countries, are causing major disease outbreaks and impacting on economies. · Malaria is a major killer of refugees and displaced persons in Africa. · Effective malaria control has already led to dramatic declines in malaria death rates in Asia. · Prompt and effective treatment of suspected malaria fever cases can significantly reduce malaria death-rates even more if the treatment can be administered in the home. · The wider use of insecticide-treated bednets may reduce episodes of illness by 50 per cent in areas of high transmission. · The cost of malaria control and treatment drains Africa’s economies. · Endemic countries have to use scarce hard currency on drugs, nets and insecticides. · Africa’s GDP today would be up to 31 per cent greater if malaria had been eliminated 35 years ago, according to estimates from a Harvard study. · Malaria-endemic countries are among the world’s most impoverished. · Malaria causes death, reduces the productivity of agriculture, affects tourism and external investment. · The spread of drug-resistant malaria is substantially raising the costs of treatment. Multi-national firms choosing the location of foreign investments shun regions with high malaria transmission rates. · With acute malaria a child may die within 24 hours without prompt and effective treatment. · In endemic countries, women are more likely to have malaria during pregnancy than at any other time. Pregnant women with malaria are more likely to develop anaemia, and with severe anaemia there is a higher risk of maternal death. · Infants born to mothers with malaria are more likely to have low birth weight ? the single greatest risk factor for death during the first month of life. - Attached - ■ COMMUNITIES ROLL UP THEIR SLEEVES TO ROLL BACK MALARIA - Home Based Management Initiative Saving Thousands of Children’s Lives Each Year GENEVA/NEW YORK, April 25, 2002 - In celebrating Africa Malaria Day, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Health Organization and other Roll Back Malaria partners have commended a new government-led initiative that is providing rapid, appropriate, effective and affordable malaria treatment to poor populations in some African countries. The Home Based Management approach to the treatment of malaria is a simple and effective initiative that is revolutionizing the treatment of malaria, putting knowledge and essential drugs into the hands of those who need them most - mothers, caregivers and neighbours. "Getting the right drugs quickly to sick children would save many of the nearly one million lives lost each year to malaria," said Carol Bellamy, Executive Director of UNICEF. "But for most African children ? who are the main victims of this devastating disease - the drugs are either not available, not affordable or not effective." Home Based Management has been tried in selected areas in several African countries with good results. In Ethiopia, the provision of basic training and simple antimalarial drugs to mothers to treat their sick children at home reduced under-five mortality by 40 per cent. In Nigeria, pre-packaging of anti-malarial drugs, with the correct dose for the age of the child, was shown to double the proportion of children who received proper treatment. Combining prompt treatment with preventive measures such as insecticide treated nets (ITNs) will result in an even greater number of lives saved. In many countries ITNs have been shown to reduce childhood mortality by up to 25 per cent, and reduce malaria cases by about 50 per cent. Uganda is leading the way with a Home Based Management programme that has been tested in three districts and is being launched as its official ’National Treatment Policy for Malaria’ on April 25, Africa Malaria Day. Uganda is one of the first countries to introduce a national policy for the home management of malaria. There are plans to expand Home Based Management in other malaria-endemic countries in Africa, starting in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria and Zambia. But countries will need the political commitment and additional resources to take such strategies to a national scale.
다음글 (02/5/3) 유엔아동특별총회 개막 2003.06.18
이전글 (02/4/11) The Global Child 2003.06.18
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