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유니세프 60주년 (1960~1979)

2006.12.27
Kennedy off tape: “Political sovereignty is but a mockery without the means of meeting poverty and illiteracy and disease. That is why my nation/now proposes officially designating this decade of the 1960s as the United Nations Decade of Development.” After President Kennedy had decreed the 60s the ‘decade of development’ – and UNICEF turned 15 – the Survey on the Needs of the Child ushered in a revolutionary new era. Now, the world needed to attend to ‘the whole child’. UNICEF was to provide more than just humanitarian relief: in addition to nutrition and health, education and family issues became an additional focus. UNICEF’s work was now to become a key to global development. Education, of course, is central to fostering that development, especially in the many newly independent nations in Africa, and fully half of UNICEF spending was dedicated to learning. UNICEF’s work was in the global spotlight mid-decade, as Executive Director Henry Labouisse accepted the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo. Public support and funds for children through the National Committees expanded, and the greeting card operation flourished. In Nigeria, a brutal civil war made it clear that emergencies – whether man-made or acts of nature – are the rule, not the exception in children’s lives, and UNICEF did not lose sight of its roots, bringing emergency relief back to its program of long-term development aid. Making a little go a long way has always been a UNICEF hallmark. Health workers saw that millions of children’s lives could be improved with simple, inexpensive strategies such as providing micro-nutrients, and iodine, vitamin A and iron supplementation. As village life was transformed by a new type of water pump, the Mark II. UNICEF reached out to the urban poor, training local women to provide cost-effective community-based services and non-formal education to ensure basic literacy. Twenty years after the Declaration on the Rights of the Child saw the International Year of the Child. Funding doubled, many countries reassessed their policies towards children and women. There was a new focus on street children and the disabled. Commemorative stamps and coins were issued, and the era’s greatest stars brought rock n’ roll to the General Assembly, in the first benefit gala of its kind – ever. But as the music fell silent, genocide erupted in Southeast Asia. UNICEF led the humanitarian effort in Kampuchea, marshalling scores of partners in the largest and most complex relief operation ever seen, on both sides of the conflict.
다음글 유니세프 60주년 (1980~1989) 2006.12.27
이전글 유니세프 60주년 (1946~1959) 2006.12.27
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