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2008 세계아동현황 보고 - 말라리아 퇴치를 위한 노력 (케냐)

2008.01.22

* State of the World’s Children 2008 – Combating malaria in Kenya 
* 03 min 04 secs
* 31 Aug 2007

A quiet marvel is being unveiled in Kenya. In the past 5 years, thanks to Government and partners, increased access to long lasting insecticide-treated bed has meant many more Kenyan children, like two year old Fatma, are now surviving and thriving. The biggest killer of all here, malaria, is starting to be cornered.

Whole villages are now using nets – together with domestic spraying – it’s the most effective way to prevent malaria.

But malaria is also a disease of poverty. One way to ensure that the poorest rural children have access to these bed nets is through mass distribution. A study in four rural districts in Kenya has shown that the use of such bednets has led to a 44% drop in the number of child deaths.

SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Shahnaaz Sharif, Deputy Director of Medical Services, Kenya: “Every pregnant woman who comes to our clinic used to get a net at a subsidized cost children under 5 would get it at a subsidized cost, but the greatest impact was giving out the nets free. In the long term it will have a tremendous impact because in adults, malaria is the commonest cause of absenteeism from work, so it will lead to greater productivity.”

Along the humid coastal region in epidemic prone areas like Mombasa, an average family would spend about 20 dollars a year on malaria treatment. Now, free malaria treatment is available for children nationwide.

Six year old Simon has all the signs of the deadly disease. Too weak to sit or stand, he’s treated and admitted free of charge. Usually there would be at least 10 patients a week admitted here. Simon is the first in two weeks. The nurses and Simon’s mother are delighted. Free treatment has meant that mothers now bring their children to the hospital at the first signs of the killer disease, making it easier to treat, easier to save lives.

SOUNDBITE (Swahili), Mariam Lungo, Mother: “I came here because I knew the treatment was free and I can trust the government hospitals. I know I won’t get fake treatment, I am going to make sure he sleeps under the net from now on.”

The next steps for Kenya now will be to ensure that all have access to insecticide treated bed nets and make the country a true African role model in conquering malaria.

Reporting for Unicef Television this is Sarah Crowe in Kenya. Unite for Children.



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