유니세프 내용 바로가기 링크

후원자 참여

후원자 참여 이미지

유니세프 후원자님과
함께하는 다양한 활동

MORE

착한상품

착한상품 이미지

지구촌 어린이들에게 희망이
전해지는 착한상품

MORE

자원봉사

자원봉사 이미지

세계 어린이를 위해 활동하는 다양한 유니세프 자원봉사

MORE

뉴스

공지사항

2008 세계아동현황보고 - 건강을 지키는 요오드화소금 (투르크메니스탄)

2008.01.22

* State of the World’s Children 2008 – Iodized salt for health in Turkmenistan
Asset Duration: 03 min 05 secs
Shoot Country: Turkmenistan
* 26 Jun 2007

On the edge of the vast Karakum desert in Central Asia, a blanket of white fills the landscape.

This is Guvly, a salt-coated lake on Turkmenistan’s Caspian Sea coast. Its eight-meter crust stretches more than 50 kilometers.

This lake is the main source of salt for Turkmenistan.

All of the salt is iodized before it is packaged and distributed across the country. This process is helping spare hundreds of thousands of Turkmen children a debilitating and potentially life-threatening condition.

With technical support from UNICEF, Turkmenistan became the fourth country in the world to achieve universal salt iodization, in 2004, and the first nation in Central Asia to eliminate iodine deficiency disorder, or I-D-D.

I-D-D can lead to mental retardation, and impair growth and development. It is most common preventable cause of brain damage in the world.

It also can cause miscarriages and other complications for pregnant women.

SOUNDBITE (Turkmen) Dilara Hasanova, Scientific-Clinical Centre of Mother and Child Healthcare:
“Before this program there were many cases of goiter, which affects fertility. Since then, the cases have dropped dramatically. Now women are healthier and they can have more children.”

Turkmenistan carries out regular testing to ensure all locally produced and imported salt is sufficiently iodized.

At schools, children are taught how to check the quality of their salt. At this primary school in the town of Dashoguz, students have brought salt from home to test if it has iodine.

In addition to iodization, Turkmenistan is fortifying flour with iron and other nutrients to prevent iron deficiency and anemia. An effective step in a country where bread forms the staple of every meal.

It is a campaign that largely goes unseen by young people like 13-year-old Atabay Uzbayev, but has a direct impact on their lives.



후원하기