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에이즈 모자(母子)감염 예방에 힘쓰는 말레이시아

2007.03.27
* Malaysia spreading message to prevent mother to child transmission of HIV * Shoot Date: Various For these children, HIV has brought death, discrimination and separation. This is the one place where it brings them together. It is a special home for children affected by HIV and AIDS, in the Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur. Most of the 14 boys and girls here have lost one or both parents. Some have been abandoned. Many are themselves infected. 12-year-old Puteri came here in December – her poor health too big a burden for her grandmother, who also had to support two teenage girls. Puteri is too sick to go to school, but she tries to continue her studies from this home. She says her dream in life is to get cured. SOUNDBITE (Bahasa Malay): Puteri 12-year-old: “I sometimes feel scared and anxious. I don’t know why. Sometimes I feel sad. I miss my parents, I miss my family.” At least a thousand children are known to be infected with HIV in Malaysia – and there are probably at least hundreds more who are HIV positive but have not been tested. With women accounting for a larger proportion of new HIV cases, it is feared that number will grow. Already, there has been a six-fold increase in the rate of new infections by mothers transmitting the virus to their babies since 1991. It’s an upward spiral that need not continue. Malaysia has stepped up efforts to prevent infection from mother to child. Pregnant women who visit government clinics are tested for HIV, and those found positive are given free counselling and anti-retroviral drugs to keep the virus at bay. Their newborn babies are also put on drug treatment and given regular tests for HIV. Siti is hopeful the program has spared her children from the scourge of HIV. Siti was infected with HIV by her husband, who has since died. She only learned she had the virus once she was pregnant with her fourth child, Farid, who is now five years old. SOUNDBITE (Bahasa Malay):Siti, Living with HIV: “When I realized I was HIV positive and pregnant, I lost all sense of hope. I was afraid I was going to pass this virus to my baby. But the medical team explained that they were going to give me medicine to save my baby. It was only after this I started feeling happier with life, when I was told there was hope to prevent my unborn baby from getting HIV.” With treatment, Farid was born free of the virus. Four years later, Siti again became pregnant, with her youngest daughter, Min. Now nine months old, Min has also tested negative for HIV, but it won’t be until she is two years old that doctors can be certain she is not infected. Making sure more women have access to treatment brings hope that fewer children will have to grow up in refuges like this… sparing them a childhood burdened by sickness and stigma. In Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia this is Steve Nettleton reporting for UNICEF Television. UNITE for children.
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