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전쟁의 또 다른 비극, 아프리카 차드의 소년병 이야기

2010.06.04

* UNICEF: Chad Child Soldier
* 시간: 03 min 45 secs
* 촬영도시: N’Djamena and Eastern Chad
* 촬영국가: Chad
* 촬영일자: 01 Mar 2010


Chad has suffered from decades of war. During this time thousands of children have been caught up in the conflict mainly in the eastern region.


Many fight on the frontlines whilst others work in non combatant roles such as drivers, cooks and messengers. Children have been used by both government and rebel forces. Most of them are boys.


Some children are abducted and forced to fight, whilst others join in an attempt to escape poverty or avenge the deaths of family
members killed in the conflict.


Since 2007, when an agreement was signed between UNICEF and the Government of Chad, efforts have intensified to get children out of
armed groups and back into society.


The National army now vets all recruits. Those identified as being under the age of 18 are immediately demobilized. When rebel groups are captured or sign peace deals with the government all under age soldiers identified enter the UNICEF sponsored rehabilitation process.


They're brought to centers in the capital Ndjamena, run by the NGO, CARE International. Here the youths receive education, psycho-social care and learn new skills to help them reintegrate back into society.


So far more than 800 children have gone through this process.


He spoke of the life of a young soldier.
SOUNDBITE: (French) Dowa Samna, Former child soldier
"During the 6 months we were tortured on the side of the road here I was hurt and here on my arm I was also hurt and I was also injured on my head."


Dowa's now back with his family. When he joined the army he never told them. One day he just disappeared. It was months before they realized he was still alive and working as a soldier.


19 year old Souleymane now works at a Hotel in N'Djamena. This is a huge change from the 7 years he spent fighting with a rebel group in eastern Chad. He says when he first joined most of the rebels were aged between 10 and 14.


In 2007, his group negotiated a peace deal with government and he laid down his arms and transferred to a rehabilitation centre.


SOUNDBITE: (Arabic) Souleymane Adoum Izak, Former child soldier
"Because you are young and you are trained and you spend all your time with the rebels you still want to fight all the time even though you are civilian. You need to always fight with people."


Getting used to life without a gun for Souleymane and many others is huge challenge.


SOUNBITE: (English) Dr Marzio Babille, UNICEF Representative in Chad
"There is a proportion of these children who have actually been tr

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