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쓰나미가 지나간지 3년, 어린이에게 친근한 사법절차 개선

2008.01.02

* Tsunami three year update – A child-friendly justice system in Aceh
* 03 min 07 secs
Shoot Country: Indonesia
* 07 Nov 2007

Court is called to order in Banda Aceh. A 17-year-old young man has been accused of stealing a motorcycle.

After prosecutors list the charges, the defendant explains his case to the judge.

As with most cases in this courtroom, no jail time is handed down. Instead, the accused, who asked to be called Nuzulfadli, is ordered to report to a social worker. His uncle, the closest surviving member of his family, is told to watch over his nephew more closely.

This juvenile court, built with support from UNICEF, is the first of its kind in Aceh. It was designed to provide a more child-friendly environment to young people caught up in the legal system.

While the case is real, the trial seen here is a reenactment. Nuzulfadli lost his parents and all his brothers and sisters in the 2004 tsunami. He was arrested in June 2006, and held in a prison cell at the police station, where he says he was treated harshly by police.

But his situation changed when his case came to trial in the new court.

“In the other court I felt scared because of the environment, scared of the judge and the tone of his voice. But when I came to the second court, I felt more relaxed.”

This courtroom is one part of a UNICEF effort to build a juvenile justice system that provides special treatment for children, and where sending young people to jail is a last resort.

“There should be a separate system and facilities particularly suited for children. This has a psychological effect on the judge when handing out sentences, and influences the child as well. In the regular court the child feels he’s being treated as an adult and it’s very scary for children. If you have a child friendly court it feels warmer, with family members present.”

UNICEF has worked to train judges, prosecutors and police officers, and has helped formulate a proposed new legal code to address the needs of vulnerable children.

It has also helped set up women’s and children’s desks at police stations across Aceh, which focus on the abuse, exploitation and trafficking of women and children.

“Today children can enjoy a separate process, child friendly, based on respect of their diversity, their vulnerability, but also centred on the respect of their rights.”

A process that is sparing more young people in Aceh the full weight of the law, and giving them a chance to restore their childhood.

 

 

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