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HIV 위험에 노출되어 있는 아프가니스탄 어린이들

2008.12.08

* UNICEF: Children at high risk of HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan
* 시간: 02 min 37 secs
* 촬영도시: Kabul
* 촬영국가: Afghanistan
* 촬영일자: 24 Nov 2008


Whilst struggling through war and poverty, Afghanistan is now faced with a looming battle against an HIV/AIDS epidemic. As of 2008, the Ministry of Public Health has confirmed 504 cases; a relatively low number, but alarming considering Afghanistan's behavioral and socio-economic factors including intravenous drug use and male to male sex with children.


These behaviors are producing high levels of risk and vulnerability, especially among children.
SOUNDBITE (English), Dr. Malalai Ahmadzai, UNICEF Maternal Health and HIV Specialist: "Children are at high risk to contract HIV in Afghanistan. Those children who have lost their parents due to war, those children who are doing street work and labor, and also those children who may be at risk because of transmission from mother to child.


SOUNDBITE (English), Dr. Saif-Ur-Rehman, Ministry of Public Health
National HIV/AIDS Control Program: "In Afghanistan our epidemic is driven by the injection drug users. We have 19,000, around 19,000 drug users throughout Afghanistan. There is a prevalence of 3% among drug users in Kabul city."


According to Aschiana, an NGO working with street children, Kabul has a population of more than 60,000 street children.


SOUNDBITE (English), Engineer Yousef, Director of Aschiana:
"Especially those children who are working in the street and children living in the slum… they are collecting syringe from the  disposable or from the garbage when they collect the food. Sometimes they find a disposable syringe. Some children are playing with the syringe and sometimes they get injured. This is really dangerous to transfer the HIV to the children."


UNICEF is working hard in raising awareness among youth at risk and working with partners in keeping the spread of HIV contained.


SOUNDBITE (English), Dr. Malalai Ahmadzai, UNICEF Maternal Health and HIV Specialist:
"We have supported the Ministry of Public Health through the network to train the adolescence and youth in terms of peer educators. Currently we are supporting the Ministry of Public Health to develop the prevention of mother to child transmission strategic framework which addresses the issues of vulnerability, support to the mothers who are at risk, and the children."


With the help of UNICEF and its partners, Afghanistan will be able to help promote HIV/AIDS education in schools, in communities and among youth at risk in order to avoid this epidemic becoming widespread and debilitating for future generations.

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