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과테말라에서의 HIV/AIDS 모자 감염 예방 사업

2009.02.09

* UNICEF: Preventing mother to child transmission in Guatemala
* 시간: 02 min 26 secs
* 촬영도시: ANTIGUA
* 촬영국가: Guatemala
* 촬영일자: 06 Nov 2008


Odaliz Canrey is getting tested for HIV today. She's 19 years old and pregnant with her first child. Although
Guatemala has a low prevalence of HIV – less than one percent of the adult population – Odaliz wants to be sure of her status. Odaliz walks to the closest national hospital, bringing her mother for support.


Estimates suggest 60,000 to 70,000 people are HIV positive in Guatemala, with about 10,000 cases of AIDS. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Odaliz Canrey:
"I've seen situations where if a woman is HIV positive, people will not touch her, they won't let their kids hang out with her or her children. There's a lot of stigma." UNICEF's efforts in Guatemala are focusing on the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. UNICEF is currently supporting 15 of the country's 37 national hospitals, offering technical assistance, human resources and HIV testing for pregnant women.


SOUNBITE (Spanish) Vilma Salazar, Nurse:
"Women come here knowing almost nothing about HIV. They might know a little, from the radio or watching
television but when i ask them what they know, they usually remain silent, which has a lot to do with the culture, with fear and shame."


24-year-old Ana, not her real name, learned she was HIV positive late in her pregnancy.

A blood test revealed her status, and later tests confirmed her husband was also positive. They're now receiving free anti-retroviral medication to fight the virus, but she's afraid of revealing her status to friends and neighbours in Guatemala.


SOUNBITE (Spanish) "Ana" 24-year-old:
"Nobody in her village knows that I'm HIV positive and that I'm not going to tell them because they would be afraid they could get infected from my family"


As for Odaliz, she waits patiently for the results of her HIV test. Around her, other families wait as well. At last, Odaliz is called into the office and given the results: she is negative. Odaliz delivers the good news to her mother.


She also shares a message she received from the nurse: prevention is the key to new generations born free of HIV. This is Thomas Nybo reporting for UNICEF Television. Unite for Children.

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