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콩고에서의 HIV 모자감염 예방을 위한 노력

2009.11.13

* UNICEF : Reaching Pregnant Women to Protect Unborn Children from HIV in the Congo
* 시간: 03 min 11 secs
* 촬영도시: Kikula
* 촬영국가: Congo
* 촬영일자: 31 Mar 2009


These mothers to be are singing songs to celebrate new life – Though, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo child mortality rates is the worst in the world, they wish for their babies survive.


At the Kikula health centre antenatal classes inform mothers on what to expect in pregnancy, childbirth, staying healthy and protect their unborn babies from HIV.


25 years-old Claisse is four months pregnant with her third child. She decided to test for HIV infection. Before the test and in the privacy of a small room, a nurse counsels her on the impact being HIV positive would have on her life as well as her unborn child.


But she's in good hands; the nurses here have a passion for ensuring all children born in their clinic are healthy and HIV free.


Over the decade that she's worked, head nurse, Louise Ngone, has witnessed the fast-expanding prevalence of the HIV virus throughout Katanga. But in 2004, with UNICEF support, her clinic, along with 26 others across Katanga, introduced a prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) programme.


Louise and her team work hard to build trust with the pregnant women, particularly because many are too afraid to take the voluntary test, stigma here is widespread.


SOUNDBITE (French) Louise Ngone, Head Nurse, Kikula Health Centre: "For confidentiality reasons, we encourage the women to explain their status themselves to their husband. Once she has done that, we contact the husband so he can be tested. There are only a few husbands who agree to get tested. Some husbands have abandoned and divorced their wives without being tested themselves."


Congo now receives a grant from The Global Fund that provides free AIDS medicines and thus with access to treatment improving, public attitudes are changing.


SOUNDBITE (French) Louise Ngone, Head Nurse, Kikula Health Centre: "Now that we have the medicine, it is easier. Before, the husbands would ask, 'What are you going to do for me once I test? You won't give me anything except advice.' Now we can explain to them the importance of being tested and getting treatment."


The PMTC programme also focuses on outreach. With a strong network of health volunteers, like Elizabeth Ida Muteta. Elizabeth is a community leader, a schoolteacher and mother of ten children. She visits pregnant women at home to encourage them and their husband to test for HIV.


SOUNDBITE (French) Elizabeth Ida Muteta, Community Volunteer: "I volunteer to help the community change their behaviours. We need to educate the community and

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