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정변에 따른 혼란 속 마다가스카르, 피해자는 아이들입니다

2009.12.10

* UNICEF: Political violence and unrest in Madagascar impacts children the most
* 시간: 03 min 47 secs
* 촬영도시: Antananarivo
* 촬영국가: Madagascar


Since January, the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar has been a country in crisis.


The unconstitutional change in Government and its subsequent international isolation has deepened poverty and had a devastating impact on the lives of the countries' children and young people.


In order to better understand what they had experienced, UNICEF and its partners conducted a study of 12,800 youth and children from all over capital which sought to capture their experiences and perceptions. The results indicate that all were affected in one way or another – either they committed suffered or witnessed violence and abuse.


Students at the Lycee Rabearivelo, a high school in the center of the capital, were especially hard hit. Rioting, looting and shooting took place right outside their school gates. Students bore witness to extreme violence and death and feared for their own lives.


SOUNDBITE (Malagasy)17-year-old schoolboy: "I wasn't involved in the rioting or looting but I witnessed violence, I saw people looting shops and I myself was teargassed and it burned my eyes. I saw the security forces shooting, it felt like a movie, but I always witnessed violence. I saw many many dead people outside the shops belonging to Ravalomanana. I saw a pregnant woman who had been shot dead and I can't get the image out of my mind."


So in response to the violence, UNICEF has been working hard to deal with the emotional and psychological trauma suffered by children. It is part of an effort to make sure their rights to be protected against all form of exploitation, especially violence and abuse, as outlined in article 36 of the Convention on the Rights of the child, is met.


The organization's education and child protection sectors have supported the training of social workers and the implementation of psychosocial support to both primary and secondary schools. Over 33 000 children from 60 different schools throughout the country were assisted between April and August.


SOUNDBITE (French) Norotiana Jeannoda Randimbiarison, Social worker: "The main goal of the psycho social support is to help students to express themselves, to express their emotions, their feelings, and to help the with their school work. Social workers do individual counseling with the students who were individual victims of violence."


The psychosocial sessions are adapted according to students' age and they express themselves through drawing, writing and singing. Through these activities they confront and deal with their trauma.


SOUNDBITE (French) Norotiana Jeannoda Ran

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