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위생/보건 시설이 열악한 서아프리카 말리를 돕는 구호의 손길들

2009.12.30

* UNICEF: Community led sanitation is having a great impact on the people of Mali
* 시간: 03 min 49 secs
* 촬영도시: Fadieda
* 촬영국가: Mali


In the village of Fadieda, some 100 kilometers north of Bamako, Unicef is piloting a brand new experience in West Africa.


It's called the CLTS approach, the Community-Led Total Sanitation. It relies on the community itself to adopt major shifts in their sanitation and hygiene behaviors.


Fadieda was selected among 15 other villages in the region by Unicef and its partners in the ministry of health.


This original approach relies on community leaders, such as Mister Sho Traore. He was chosen to lead the population towards major changes in sanitation and behaviors. In this village, a few weeks ago, people were still defecating in the open air, in a area located very close to the village. For Sho, this was a problem.


SOUNDBITE (Bambara) Sho Traore, community leader:
"Defecating in the open air is a problem because the areas are located very close to our houses and our families. Poo and flies are like iron and magnets. As soon as the flies smell poo, they come and end eventually on our food."


Open Air Defecation is a common practice in rural villages in Mali. More than 30% of the population still does it, causing many health issues.


If the villagers of Fadieda started understand the issues of open-air defecation, it's because Unicef and its partners put together a demonstration that shattered everyone in the village. A tean came to the village and demonstrate that by putting poo and food close to each other, it draws flies and diseases


SOUNDBITE (Bambara) Oumou Diarra, villager
"Children and adults were having bellyaches but we didn't know what caused them. We didn't have latrines. And when people came and put next to each other some human excrements and food, we saw the flies coming and understood it was the cause of those diseases. Right away, men took the oath to build latrines"


The reaction came as fast as expected. In less than a month, villagers had built not less than 40 latrines. And today, Fadieda is the first village to receive the Open Air Defecation Free Status. The village now proudly displays a sign at its entrance: "Clean village, where good hygiene practices are the rule"


SOUNDBITE (French) Diarra Diadouba, social development technician:
"Villagers themselves have committed to building the latrines. It's their own initiative and their own strengh. No external funding has been brought in."


Thank to this original approach and since the construction of the latrines, diarrhea cases have plummeted in the village. And the method is all the more efficient that it is t

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