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캄보디아의 심각한 보건위협 - 열악한 식수와 위생

2007.05.04
* Dealing with risky water and poor sanitation, Cambodia faces serious health crises * 03 May 2007 In the province of Svay Rieng, Vorn Mao is looking forward to the rainy season to flood his dry and dusty rice paddies. He and his wife Roeung look after their grand children whose parents work in the capital Phnom Penh. For Vorn and Roeung, water not only means a livelihood but is the cause of some anguish. A little over a year ago during a water shortage their five year old grand daughter Chenda died from drinking dirty water. VO/SOT (Khmer) Vorn and Roeung Mao, Narrator voice over Vorn and Roeung explain how Chenda had a high fever and diarrhoea. She died quickly at the district hospital overnight. Chenda's mother Khun did see her before she died. UNICEF estimates that 16 percent of rural Cambodians have access to adequate sanitation and less than 65 to safe water. SOT (English) Hilda Winarta, UNICEF Cambodia's Project Officer for Water and Environmental Sanitation: "Water and sanitation has been identified as one of the major causes of the high diarrhoea incidence in Cambodia. And in particular the sanitation situation which is very poor. Cambodia has in fact been classified as one of the countries in the world with the lowest sanitation coverage in the rural areas." Many households don't have basic sanitation facilities or awareness of good hygiene. There is no toilet or soap for washing hands at home or in school. Children are closer to the ground, more likely to touch unclean surfaces and therefore particularly vulnerable to unhealthy environments. Working with local communes to improve water sanitation is one of the cornerstones of UNICEF's Child Rights programme - known as Seth Koma in Khmer. For the past two years the well in this Svay Rieng village has provided 10 families with clean water for drinking, cooking and washing. At the nearby Thlork Primary School water from a UNICEF funded well not only provides clean water for drinking but also keeps latrines more hygienic. Schools with wells and latrines help to keep more children, particularly girls, in primary schools. Improving water and sanitation improves learning. As a young child, 12 year old Rina suffered from diarrhoea and typhoid from drinking unsafe water at home. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Rina Phan, School girl: "I think it's important to have clean water to have good personal hygiene and good health. We stay free from disease." In the past year UNICEF has implemented its water and sanitation project in six rural provinces. Access to clean water is essential for a good quality of life. By improving water, sanitation and hygiene, Cambodians can reduce malnutrition from diarrhoea and prevent young children unnecessarily dying of water borne diseases.
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