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2009.08.07

* UNICEF: Influx of refugees creates silent emergency in eastern Cameroon
* 시간: 03 min 12 secs
* 촬영도시: N/A
* 촬영국가: Cameroon
* 촬영일자: 25 Jun 2009


The Central African refugees currently in Cameroon, particularly the nomadic Mbororo ethnic group, have a long history shepherding their cattle across the borders of neighbouring countries. However, since 2002, over 60,000 Central Africans have come instead seeking refuge from attacks, kidnappings and killings by groups of armed men, bandits, and rebels fleeing the Chadian conflict to the North.


In a broad sense the integration of the CAR refugees into eastern Cameroon can be considered a success story. A smooth settling into supportive host communities.


Five years down the road, and the integration holds, yet the resources are becoming increasingly strained.


SOUNDBITE: (English) Ora Musu Clemens Representative, UNICEF, Cameroon:
"We have overwhelming welcome of refugees from the Central African into the east, in communities that are very fragile already, but yet they open up their communities, and that puts a burden on water, resources, health care, education. We have a problem of malnutrition both in the host population and in refugees coming in, we don't have a focus of that in the international community and we want people to understand the juxtaposition of already fragile communities with the influx of refugees, with continued instability in Central Africa, that indeed the population, and the Government of Cameroon have done what they can. We need further help to make those situations better."


The nomadic pastoralist Mbororo, traditionally dependent on raising cattle for survival, find themselves now settled into agricultural communities, and most have lost most or all of their herds.


They survive on UNHCR food distribution, and struggle to nourish their families.


SOUNDBITE: (CAR language) Absatu, Mother:
"I have only one week's worth of food to last a month. There is just no food."


With few food resources available the region has seen severe child malnutrition with nearly 1/3rd of all cases suffered by Cameroonian children.


SOUNDBITE: (English) Government Doctor Dzudjo Pierre:
"When we began, the programme was directed towards Central African refugees, but as we went on, we understood that Cameroonians too had the same problem. And now we are having both Central African cases and Cameroonian cases."


The sedentary life has meant a cultural shift as many Mbororo try their hand at subsistence farming, while also adjusting to village life, and schooling for their children.


In 2008 school attendance nearly doubled in the region, filling the already crowded clas

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