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뉴스예멘 어린이들이 처한 현황 - 교육

2008.01.01

Yemen – Children face the future (Education)
* 03분 59초
* 01-DEC-2007 


The children of Yemen are so eager to learn that they will even do it here, under trees in the heat of the Southern Arabian Peninsula.

But for all the dedication, you are more likely to find a young girl here, at home doing chores. 

Sarah and.Fatima’s tasks are menial, but they have bigger dreams. 

SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Sarah, 12 years-old:  
“I want to learn, to go to school, to be a doctor.”
SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Fatima, 11 years-old: 
“I want to study to become a teacher.”

The have never even set foot into a classroom, their parents say they can not afford to.

Their Grandfather is a man of some importance here, a medical practitioner who values education and is head of the parent teacher association. 

SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Abdul Salam Al Anabi, Grandfather: 
“Girls should be educated, even the Prophet Mohammed says that you should take education from the lap of your mother to your grave.”

His convictions only go so far. He could easily afford to send his grandchildren to school…but theory and practice in the treatment of girls often do not coincide in Yemen. 

SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Abdul Salam Al Anabi, Grandfather: 
“I have a big family, I can not help others.”

These girls are not alone; they are joined by a nation of under educated women.  Just under half of the nation’s girls get no primary education and two-thirds of the nation’s women are illiterate.

At first you might think the picture is quite good. In schools across the nation there are girls in the younger classes, 

But as you go up in age, so the number of girls go down until not a single girl can be found in class nine at this coed school in Zadiyah. As girls get older religious taboos do not allow them to be taught by male teachers.

SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Majeeda Ahmed Mohamed, Om Said School: 
“Education is like light. If they send their girls to school, they will help their families, their community and the country.”

And small pockets of Yemen are making a stand. Outside Hodeida, this school, supported by UNICEF, gives girls a chance by employing female teachers.

And though the dress is conservative, this is revolutionary. Young, confident women teachers educating the next generation of Yemeni girls. 

SOUNDBITE (English) Aboudou Karimou Abjibade, UNICEF Representative: 
“Education is key here. When you have a huge number of women illiterate. When you have girls who are not going to school, that is the cycle of poverty. Beca