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뉴스신생아 사망률을 낮추는 아르헨티나의 모자 지원 센터

2014.09.18

* UNICEF: New Approach to Child Survival Puts Family Needs Front and Centre
* 시간: 03 min 08 secs
* 촬영도시: Buenos Aires
* 촬영국가: Argentina
* 촬영일자: 21 Apr 2009


Estela Benitez recently gave birth to her first child, a healthy girl named Abril Delfina.


She lives in the Boedo neighborhood of Buenos Aires, and is benefitting from a new model of care at this hospital that places greater attention on the needs of the family.


Her husband was welcome at every step of the process, including the delivery, and great efforts are being made to strengthen their bond with Abril.


"The moment Abril came out, they put her against my body so I could hold her and kiss her, then they let my husband hold her, even before they cut the umbilical cord," she says.


Mothers are encouraged to breastfeed, and the new parents have 24-hour access to their newborn child. Special days are set aside to allow other family members to meet the new addition to the family – Wednesdays for siblings, Thursdays for grandparents.


Dr. Miguel Larguia has been with the hospital 40 years, and is the person responsible for the new approach.


He says, "The concept of family-centered hospitals is a real change of paradigm because we now recognize, as the owners of the house, not the medical doctors or the health agents, but the pregnant mothers and their babies, before and after they are born."


To further reduce the level of infant mortality, the hospital is dedicating much of its resources to premature babies and other babies at risk.


Cinthia Pintos delivered a baby boy 13 weeks early. He spent a month and a half in an incubator, and struggled with a trachea infection, but he's now doing well. Because Cinthia lives more than a day's journey from the hospital, she's taking advantage of a program here that allows mothers of at-risk children to stay in a special on-site residence, free of charge, until their babies are discharged. The mothers are given free meals and also assisted by a team of volunteers. There's room for 38 mothers, who stay an average of two months.


UNICEF is working to replicate this successful program.


Zulma Ortiz, a UNICEF health specialist, says, "This model includes practices that have  been shown to be effective preventing neo-natal mortality. And all of them are based specifically in the relationship between the mother and the son or the daughter and also the whole family, so the idea is to promote the implementation of this strategy all over
the world."


Two thirds of neonatal and young child deaths – over six million deaths each year – are preventable. Supporting programs like this one is an efficient, cost