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유니세프 60주년 (1980~1989)

2006.12.27
Despite decades of post-war humanitarian aid work, in the early 1980s 15 million children were still dying each year of poverty, disease and hunger. To combat this emergency, Executive Director James Grant called on the world to “give children’s essential needs a ‘first call’ on society’s resources,” to safeguard the most vulnerable and ensure development had a human face, the face of a child. Grant launched The State of the World’s Children report to call attention to the crisis. The annual publication became a signature UNICEF innovation, and the concept became a development agency standard. The so-called Child Survival Revolution began with a package of interrelated interventions known by the acronym GOBI. Amplifying each other, the four interventions were to cut child deaths by half by 2000. Growth monitoring tracks the physical growth of a child to ensure parents or health workers can take preventative action before malnutrition occurs. Stands for oral rehydration therapy, a simple, inexpensive way to manage dehydration caused by diarrhoea, the second greatest killer of children. Breastfeeding provides the best nutritional start to a child’s life – and it’s simple, and free. Immunizing against the most common communicable diseases is the final element, preventing millions of needless deaths each year. The GOBI innovation is still saving lives today. But in some countries, conflict made it impossible to carry out immunization campaigns. UNICEF co-organized the first ‘Days of Tranquillity’ in El Salvador, and within three days, 60 percent of children had been immunized. This success has been repeated around the world. The Bamako initiative brought community management to basic health services, giving more children access to life saving medicine and treatment. By now it was apparent that the success of the GOBI initiative, of nearly every initiative, started at home, and educating future mothers was essential if future generations were to survive and thrive into adulthood. ‘Education for all’ – every boy and every girl – became a rallying cry for global development. Toward the end of the ‘80s families, and especially children and women, found their lives increasingly engulfed by war and violence, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Fortunately for the world’s children, extraordinary news from the United Nations was just around the corner.
다음글 유니세프 60주년 (1990~1999) 2006.12.27
이전글 유니세프 60주년 (1960~1979) 2006.12.27
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