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유니세프 60주년 (1990~1999)

2006.12.27
1989 saw the drafting of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Less than a year later, it had become the most universally adopted international treaty in history. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the clearest expression of the international community’s commitment to children, and states that every child has the inherent right to health care, education, a name and nationality to protection from abuse and neglect. Signatories to the Convention are legally bound to uphold it. On the heels of the Convention’s success, the World Summit for Children brought the largest gathering of world leaders ever together to establish goals for the future. Children were its sole focus. Both the Convention and the Summit were quickly put to the test, as children and their families were caught in the crossfire in a series of bloody civil wars. Children were killed or traumatized by conflict, even forced to fight. Conflicts put children at risk from landmines, starvation and trafficking. Millions were forced to flee their homes, their countries, their right to a childhood denied. UNICEF and UNESCO developed ‘school-in-a-box’, an extraordinary innovation that contains everything teachers need to get children learning again in such emergency situations, under a tree, in a tent, in the ruins of their schools. Mid-decade, a terrible genocide began to sweep across Rwanda. Thousands of children were killed, maimed, separated or orphaned, many forced to take on the responsibility of adulthood far too soon. On the brink of UNICEF’s 50th anniversary, Carol Bellamy became the first woman to lead the organization. She quickly saw that UNICEF needed to keep pace with the changes and challenges gripping the world As the decade progressed, the promises made in the Convention on the Rights of the Child were called upon again and again: to fight for every child’s right to education. To protect children from the exploitation of child labor. To recognize every child’s right to play, to a childhood. But as the century drew to close, it became increasingly evident that the international community would have to work even harder if children’s rights were to be realized in a new and challenging millennium.
다음글 유니세프 60주년 (2000~2006) 2006.12.27
이전글 유니세프 60주년 (1980~1989) 2006.12.27
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