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2008.09.19

* UNICEF: Declining child mortality figures
* 시간: 03 min 22 secs
* 촬영도시: Various
* 촬영국가: N/A
* 촬영일자: Various


Fewer children under the age of five are dying today according to the latest data from UNICEF.


Globally, the number of young children who died in 2007 dropped to 9.2 million, compared to 12.7 million deaths in 1990.


Dr. Peter Salama, Chief of Health at UNICEF attributes the decline in the rate of child mortality to the better maternal healthcare and disease prevention and control programmes.


“In Botswana, for example, is providing a very important example of a country with a very high HIV prevelance that has turned the corner and wher under 5 mortality is starting to go down,” says Dr. Salama.


“And we think that is really because there’s been a enormous progress in coverage of anti-retroviral treatment for adults and increasingly for children and the coverage for prevention material to child transmission has been extremely high, well over 95 percent.”


Countries like Lao, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bolivia made the best progress in reducing child mortality. Their under-five mortality rates dropped by more than 50 percent since 1990. They are well on track to achieving the United Nations millennium development goal of reducing child mortality by two-thirds by the year 2015.


 In Africa, significant progress is being made as well: Eritrea’s under-five mortality rate declined by 52 percent over the last seventeen years. During the same time frame child mortality rates have declined by 40 per cent in Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, and Ethiopia.

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