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여성 할례, 이동식 영화관으로 위험성을 알리다

2010.02.09

* UNICEF supports mobile cinema in bid to end female genital mutilation in Mali
* 시간: 04 min 17 secs
* 촬영도시: Various locations
* 촬영국가: Mali
* 촬영일자: 27 Nov 2009


It is estimated that 85 per cent of women in Mali have undergone some form of Female Genital Mutilation or Cutting (FGM/C). 77 per cent of girls undergo the harmful traditional practice before their fifth birthday.


UNICEF Mali supports social and behavioural change using innovative and participatory approaches like theatre-forum and the digital mobile cinema.


Together with our partners, we bring communities together and get them talking. Key local stakeholders, knowledgeable health workers, village elders, mothers and influential community members must all be part of the solution.


Cinéma Numérique Ambulant (CNA), a national NGO partner, travels from village to village in remote areas of the country. The mobile cinema team, along with health workers set up an outdoor screen and show entertaining and educational films encouraging communities to talk openly about the health of children and women. Once trust has been established, FGM/C is openly discussed with the community.


Complications stemming from FGM/C such as maternal infection, hemorrhage and newborn asphyxia are common, and contribute to the high neonatal, child and maternal mortality rates in the country. The maternal death rate is also among the highest in the world at #13 out of 193 countries.


According to a recent study by the World Health Organization (WHO), women who have been cut are significantly more likely than uncut women to have complications during and after childbirth.


According to Senior practitioners like Dr. Toure, as well as the immediate effects on the child, FGM/C has many harmful physical and psychological effects on women. Many women claim that sex with their husbands is very painful.


During childbirth there is more likely to be tearing; scarring, leakage, infections and fistula are all common and crippling lifelong complications.


Kadidja is the mobile cinema's main facilitator. She and the CNA teams provide outreach, information and support in villages throughout the country. Agents of community-led change like her see the resistance to change on a daily basis. Kadiaja says it is a long process.


Men, the household decision-makers, are generally not adequately informed about the issues surrounding FGM/C. Male villagers are therefore particularly encouraged to participate in the discussions.


Communication for social and behavioural change alone will not produce the desired effect. It is necessary to actively engage the communities in discussion. This new approach is beginning to bear fruit.

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